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幸せ年表のトップカテゴリーです。
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JAPAN

幸せ年表のカテゴリーです。
Indicator
International Affairs
Domestic Affairs
Publication
Conference
YearCategoryContents
April 2016
Conference

1st meeting of "Indicators of Happiness in Iwate" by Iwate Prefecture

January 2016
Indicator

Arakawa City, Tokyo Prefecture, published "2015 Arakawa City Citizen Survey Report on Gross Arakawa Happiness (GHA)"

2015
Publication

Arakawa City ,Tokyo Prefecture, published "Gross Arakawa Happiness (GHA) Report" Vol.1 and Vol. 2

August 2014
Indicator

Local-Happiness Lab Released the Ranking of Happy Local Communities

September 2013
Indicator

Dentsu Psychological Lab Released Its Results of the Japanese Well-Being Index.

2013
Domestic Affairs

Over 70% of Japanese Satisfied with Life for First Time in 18 Years, Survey Says

June, 2013
Conference

Municipalities Across Japan Establish 'Happiness League'

February, 2013
Indicator

The Tosa Association of Corporate Executives released the results of a questionnaire survey pertaining to an index called Gross Kochi Happiness (GKH).

2012
Domestic Affairs

Japan's Annual Number of Suicides Dips below 30,000 in 2012

December, 2012
Indicator

Citizens in Shiga Prefecture Propose 'Smile Index' as Measure of Well-being

December, 2011
Indicator

Report on Tentative Indicators of Well-being released by Commission on Measuring Well-Being

November, 2011
Indicator

Prefectural Ranking of Well-being released by Hosei University

- the first study in Japan to analyze all prefectures from the viewpoint of well-being, as an alternative to an economic indicator such as GDP
- aimed to reveal the challenges facing each prefecture and suggest ways to improve local well-being

May, 2011
Conference

3rd meeting of "Commission on Measuring Well-Being" by Cabinet Office (Government of Japan)

Feb. 2011
Conference

2nd meeting of "Commission on Measuring Well-Being" by Cabinet Office (Government of Japan)

Jan. 2011
Domestic Affairs

China becomes world's second-largest economy (Japan becomes third.)

Jan. 2011
Domestic Affairs

Cabinet Office invites public opinion on proposed Happiness Index (tentative name) regarding themes including future national vision, key areas for the index, etc.

Dec. 2010
Conference

1st meeting of "Commission on Measuring Well-Being" by Cabinet Office (Government of Japan)

Document to promote "The New Growth Strategy - Blueprint for Revitalizing Japan," and research/studies on well-being included in "The New Growth Strategy" adopted June 18, 2010.

2008
International Affairs

Lehman Brothers (US investment bank) goes bankrupt, triggering global financial crisis.

2007
International Affairs

Subprime mortgage crisis in United States also hits financial sectors in many other countries, particularly in Europe.

late 2000s
Domestic Affairs

Poverty and unemployment become major social issues, leading to layoffs of temporary workers ("haken-giri"), "net café refugees" as unemployed/homeless seek refuge in Internet cafés, and the "working poor."

2003
Publication

Japan's Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI) released by Future 500, calculated by a study group (T. Ohashi, K. Nakano, M. Makino, Y. Wada)

-They calculate GPI by deducting negative factors that harm human welfare such as traffic accidents, suicides, divorces as well as environmental destruction and pollution, while adding positive factors that benefit welfare, such as homekeeping, raising children, and nursing care.
- Since the 1970s, the gap between GDP and GPI has been increasing in Japan, that shows economic growth does not necessarily lead to improvement of quality of life.

2002-2005
Indicator

Life Reform Index (LRI) by Research Committee of Quality-of-Life Policy Council (Japan)

- Indicator focuses on realizing affluence, from the people's perspective.

early 2000s
Domestic Affairs

New lifestyles such as Slow Life and LOHAS (Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability) attract attention.

1998
Domestic Affairs

Yamaichi Securities Co., Ltd. goes out of business. Hokkaido Takushoku Bank, Ltd. goes bankrupt.

Many are surprised when nominal GDP posts negative growth.

1997
International Affairs

Asian financial crisis

1993-2005
Domestic Affairs

Employment "Ice Age"

-Non-regular employment increases (e.g., job-hoppers and temporary workers)

1992-1999
Indicator

People's Life Indicators (PLI) by Research Committee of Quality-of-Life Policy Council (Japan)

- Indicators cover a variety of angles, such as non-monetary value, and reveal people not feeling affluent even though Japan now ranks with top countries in per capita income.
- Feature eight areas (living, spending, work, raising children, caring, enjoying, studying, communicating) and four life evaluation axes (security and safety, equity, freedom, comfort)

late 1980s - early 1990s
Domestic Affairs

Economic bubble grows

1986-1990
Indicator

New Social Indicators (NSI) by Research Committee of Quality-of-Life Policy Council (Japan)

- Indicator covers improved living standards, lifestyle diversification

1979
International Affairs

Second global oil crisis

1974-1984
Indicator

Social Indicators (SI) by Research Committee of Quality-of-Life Policy Council (Japan)

- Calls for alternatives to monetary indicators, recognizing that pollution and other problems resulted from rapid economic growth.
- Emphasis is on non-monetary indicators.

1973
International Affairs

First global oil crisis

1973
Indicator

Measuring net national welfare of Japan: Report of the Net National Welfare (NNW) Measurement Committee

- Six positive items including leisure, personal durables service, and off-market activity, and three negative items including environmental pollution, environmental conservation cost. It was measured every five years from 1955 to 1970.
-Later, Economic Planning Agency (current Cabinet Office) took over the project, made improvements, and announced New Social Indicators (NSI).

1972
Indicator

Tokyo Metropolitan Government and University of Tokyo

- Classified welfare into 10 categories (income/consumption, health, living environment, labor, leisure, education, solidarity, transportation/communication, safety, natural environment). Identified 180 items from three areas (personal life, living environment, and public) to evaluate.
- Criticized supremacy of GNP.
- Suggested national and local government policies for improving the welfare standard of people's lives.
- TMG commissioned Naoki Komuro to develop a social indicator for Tokyo over three years from 1973. It adopted the Delphi method, and consists of nine welfare categories: income/consumption, housing, health, education, public safety, environment, transportation/communication, labor/leisure, and social security.

1970
Publication

Asahi Shimbun newspaper starts publishing a series about the downside of Japan's economic growth, titled "Down with GNP" (published later as a book by Asahi Shimbun Company in 1971)

- It questions negative aspects such as pollution and social security issues as a result of the economic growth-centered ideology.
- "Down with GNP" became a buzzword of the day.

1970
Domestic Affairs

World Exposition in Osaka

1960s-1970s
International Affairs

Pollution problems and environmental destruction from rapid economic growth are worsening, mainly in developed countries.

1968
Domestic Affairs

Japanese becomes world's second-largest economy

1964
Domestic Affairs

Tokyo Olympic Games

1960
Indicator

Institute for Science of Labour publishes "Japan's Living Standards"

- Publication measures living standard improvements along with increased cost of living. Asks about the ideal cost of living, considering that living standards will not improve further and will stay flat if cost of living increases by more than a certain amount.

late 1950s - 1970s
Domestic Affairs

Four Big Pollution Disease cases occur in Japan

- Minamata disease: mercury poisoning
- Niigata Minamata disease: mercury poisoning
- Yokkaichi asthma: sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide
- Itai-itai disease: cadmium poisoning

1952
Indicator

Institute for Science of Labour publishes "Basic literature on determinants of criteria for minimum wages or social security benefits"(commissioned by Ministry of Health and Welfare, currently the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare)

- Attempts to evaluate "How much should be spent on living costs to live a decent life," based on health conditions and activities

1950s - early 1970s
Domestic Affairs

Japan enjoys rapid economic growth

1926
Indicator

Cabinet Statistics Bureau (Japan) surveys household budgets (7,220 households)

-Today's government household budget surveys and consumption surveys are based on this early work.

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